Year : 2013  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 74-78

Outcome after mitral valve replacement in patients with rheumatic mitral valve regurgitation and severe pulmonary hypertension


Correspondence Address:
Amany K Abu El-Hussein

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1687-9090.124037

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Objective The aim of this study was to assess the early outcome after elective mitral valve replacement (MVR) in patients with rheumatic mitral valve regurgitation and severe pulmonary arterial hypertension. Patients and methods The study included patients with baseline systolic pulmonary artery pressure (sPAP) of at least 40 mmHg who underwent elective MVR for rheumatic mitral valve regurgitation. The systemic and pulmonary hemodynamic changes and arterial blood gas parameters were reported at baseline, after intubation, after bypass, 30 min after extubation, and 24 and 48 h postoperatively. Preoperative and postoperative transthoracic echocardiography was performed. Results Thirty patients (11 men and 19 women), median age 31 years (range: 16-52), were included in the study. The operative mortality rate was 10%. The receiver operating characteristic curves identified sPAP as a good predictor of operative mortality. Postoperatively, there was a significant reduction in left atrial diameter and right ventricular systolic pressure in survivors. The median sPAP and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure decreased significantly after bypass and persisted throughout the study period. Central venous pressure decreased after cardiopulmonary bypass time and remained so for 48 h postoperatively. After intubation, on intermittent positive-pressure ventilation and FiO 2 of 1.0, there was a significant improvement in PaO 2 and SaO 2 . pH and HCO3 - concentration increased significantly postoperatively. Conclusion Proper perioperative care and anesthetic techniques resulted in improved left atrial diameter, right ventricular systolic pressure, sPAP, pulmonary capillary wedge pressure, and oxygenation with reduced operative mortality in patients who underwent MVR for mitral valve regurgitation with severe pulmonary hypertension.

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